Air freight plays a crucial role in international trade and transportation. Understanding the chargeable weight is one of the key aspects of managing air freight shipments. In this article, we delve into what chargeable weight in air freight means, how it is calculated, and why it is essential for shippers and freight forwarding companies.
Chargeable weight, also known as volumetric weight, is a calculation method used in air freight to determine the cost of transporting goods. It differs from the actual weight of the shipment. Chargeable weight takes into account both the volume and the weight of the cargo, ensuring that the costs for transporting lighter but bulky goods are appropriately calculated.
The calculation of chargeable weight in air freight is based on a simple formula: The volume of the shipment (length x width x height in centimeters) is divided by a predetermined divisor, typically set at 6,000. The result of this calculation is compared with the actual weight of the shipment, and the higher value is used for the freight cost calculation.
Understanding and accurately calculating chargeable weight is important for several reasons:
Cost Efficiency: Accurate calculation of chargeable weight allows companies to realistically estimate transportation costs and avoid unnecessary expenditures.
Planning and Logistics: Precise calculations enable more efficient use of available cargo space and support optimized logistics planning.
Transparency for Customers: By calculating chargeable weight, customers get a clear idea of the costs involved and can adjust their shipping decisions accordingly.
Chargeable weight plays a central role in air freight. Understanding and correctly applying this calculation can benefit both companies and customers. It leads to more efficient use of resources, transparent and fair pricing, and ultimately, optimized freight handling.
How is the Chargeable weight determined?
You proceed as follows:
Length x width x height in cm =....................: You divide this result by 6000.
Not so difficult up to this point, is it?
The so-called Chargeable weight (FBG) now results from the comparison of the volume weight, this determined sum and the real weight.
You ship a pallet of table tennis balls with 60 kg gross weight.
This has the dimension 120x80x120 cm. This results in 1.152.000. Now divide this value by 6000.
Results in 192 kg. This is the so-called "volume weight".
Since the volume weight exceeds the real weight, the volume weight is used for freight calculation. Thus, the volume weight in this example is the Chargeable weight.
You ship a pallet of lead plates with 850 kg gross.
This has the dimension 80x60x30 cm. This results in 144,000. Now divide this value by 6000.
Results in 24 kg. Here again the volume weight.
Since the volume weight is smaller than the real weight, the higher real weight is used for freight calculation. Thus, the real weight in this example is the Chargeable weight.
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